What is solar energy and how it works

The sun is the ultimate source of energy on planet earth. It not only provides sunlight during day time but also responsible for different weather changes on earth as well. Each partial of sunlight contains enough energy to use as fuel for the earth. Theoretically, the amount of solar energy that hits the earth in one hour is enough to fulfill the one-year energy needs of our globe.

Advance ways to get solar energy

When the solar energy words hit our minds, we only think about the solar panels that we installed on the rooftops. But now there are more advanced ways to get solar energy and to utilizes it.

Now you don’t need a large space to install solar panels and get solar energy. Read more to find out how is it possible.

1.    Floating solar farms

The floating solar farms are manufactured to install on the surface of water bodies such as the sea, reservations, lakes, and others. In this way, it does not need the earth’s surface to work. 70% of the earth is water, we can take advantage of this ratio. It is also estimated that floating solar panels produce 10% more solar energy than the earth solar panel due to a cooling effect.

Floating solar farms produce more solar energy with a clean process. It also reduces evaporation by becoming the barrier between the sun and water. And also prevent noxious algae production, which also reduces the cost of water treatment. The water beneath the solar panels helps to clean and minimize energy loss.

Fact: The biggest floating solar plant is working in China.


As floating solar panels do not require land. This can allow us to optimize the use of land. We don’t need to remove forest of fertile land to installs a solar panel plant. And there also other benefits of floating solar farms such as save water resources and also an eco-friendly system.

2.    BIPV solar technology

Building-integrated photovoltaics (BIPV) as the name shows it can be used in place of building materials and easily blend with the building structure. You can use them as rooftops, curtains walls, and skylight systems. It plays dual roles, first, it can produce energy through a clean process and is also used in place of other building materials. It will look good with outsides walls with shinning blue color.

This BIPV solar technology is very cheap and has less price than the building materials. You can easily install and manage it. If you want to install this solar energy system. Then think about the building architecture design because afterward, it will be difficult to install it.

Fact: The business that installed BIPV is expected to generate 16% more revenues from 2021 to 2026.


  • First, it is the efficient use of solar energy
  • Second, it provides high thermal and also sounds insulation.
  • Third, it is a clean process to get solar energy
  • Fourth, it also decreases O&M cost.
  • And fifth, it echoes a friendly system.

3.    Solar skins

solar energy

Solar skins are a novel PV technology. It is just like the ads rappers display on bus windows. These can easily blend with your home or building architecture and color. And also provide you a good way to producing energy without the high cost. For example. If your rooftop 3D design sketch, then you can print the rappers with the same design and covers it on solar skins. This way it will blend with the rooftop. Does it sound cool to you?

This energy is still under observation in US laboratories. These solar skins have high solar energy efficiency because through sheets only filters light reach the panels surface. The imprinted solar design will smoothly merge with home, building designs, greasy lawn, and rooftops. Solar skins also are used a customized to display, country flag, business logo, business cards, and advertisement.

Fact: The solar skins are flexible and transparent thin materials, which can efficiently produce solar energy.


  • First, the solar skins use a rail-less racking system
  • Second, easily blend with building architecture
  • Third, Sistine solar allows monitoring the system through a mobile app.

4.    Solar fabrics

Solar energy is present all around the planet. Then why not produce the energy where you go? Imagine you are going on a trip and rather than producing energy from a fixed solar panel, you can produce energy from fabric you wear.

Now industries are developing technologies to build energy in each fiber. This can be installed or integrated with a t-shirt, winder coats, or any other materials. Which will help you warm in cold, charge your mobile and other small needs while you are traveling.

If you can embed solar energy in your clothes then it can save the cost of installation and maintenances as well. Industries also working to produce solar fabric tents to generate solar energy.

Fact: A solar fabric can last for 20 years.


  • First, it will help to absorb energy
  • Second, it is eco-friendly energy production.
  • And third, it is also cost-effective

5.    Photovoltaic solar noise barriers (PVNB)

Traffic noise is the biggest emerging issue. US state continuously working on reducing traffic Noise and looking for an effective solution. Noise barriers should be cost-effective because we have to use them at large scales to reduce noise.

Photovoltaic solar noise barriers will help to reduce noise and produce a large amount of solar energy on daily basis.


The noise barriers in the US producing 400 GWh of energy annually. And this is the usage of 37,000 homes annually.


  • First, it can help in reducing noise pollution
  • Second, also produce a large amount of energy as well.
  • And third, it an ecofriendly system.


Solar energy in the future will replace other modes of electricity. Because it is the echo-friendly and free source of energy provided by nature. And with new enhancements in solar energy, we can see a new future ahead.



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